PEANUT BLEANCHED JAVA / BOLD :
Peanuts are popularly used as seed oil in India. Since they are obtained from the ground, they are also
sometimes called as groundnuts and also known as ‘ ‘ inHindi, ‘ ‘ in Telugu, ‘ ‘ in Tamil, ‘ ‘ in Malayalam, ‘ ‘ in Kannada, ‘ ‘ in Gujarati and ‘ ‘ in Marathi. Peanuts are easily available round the year and almost everywhere in India. They are easily available round the year and almost everywhere in India.
Peanuts are also taken as snacks in many households especially in India. In reality, peanuts are actually legumes. But since they have all the properties of nuts like almonds, cashew nuts, etc., these are also included in the family of nuts.
Peanut is a small annual dicotyledon herb growing up to a foot above the ground. It is thought to have originated in the Central Americas and from where it spread to rest of the world through Spanish explorers. Today, it is one of the widely cultivated oil-seed and established prime commercial crop in China, India, African nations, and the United States of America.
Peanut plant takes approximately 120 to 150 days to produce the crop after sowing its seed. The process of peanut development is quite interesting! Its yellow flowers, after self-pollination, develop into "ovaries" called pedicels, which elongate rapidly to turn downward to bury several inches deep under the ground surface, from where the fruits develop into peanut pods we know.
To harvest, the entire plant including roots, is dug out of the soil. Each plant may bear 10-150 fruit pods. The pods have rough, wrinkled outer shells with 2-3 constrictions as in bean pods. Each peanut kernel is covered with thin brown layer and can be split into two equal halves as in any other legumes.
Bambara groundnuts (Vigna subterranea L. Verdc) are different from American groundnuts (Arachis hypogaea) in that they appear somewhat like round cowpeas. Bambara groundnuts are indeed one of the popular legume crops in many African regions, providing much-needed protein, fat and other essential nutrients of vegetable origin.